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Tag: Recreation

Scoping an Account of Natural Capital in the Duchy of Cornwall Estate, for the Duchy of Cornwall, November 2015 – June 2016

This study scoped the development of a corporate natural capital account across the Duchy of Cornwall’s rural estate. It identified the Estate’s key natural capital assets, liabilities for their management and the main flows of goods and services that these assets provide. This helped extend the estate’s objective of generating income without depreciating from its capital base to include the management of its natural capital assets. The study applied the Natural Capital Committee’s (NCC) corporate natural capital accounting (CNCA) framework developed by a consortium led by eftec in 2015. The main outputs for the project are supporting schedules and reporting statements for the Duchy’s initial natural capital account, a report outlining the development of the account, a spreadsheet containing the workings of the accounts, and a dissemination workshop. The key findings from the account were published in the Duchy’s 2015/16 Annual Report and Accounts.

Assessment of the Third Party Demonstration and Research Marine Protected Areas, September 2014 – early 2015

This project aims to provide a full assessment two proposed Demonstration and Research (D&R) Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).  This will be completed through an assessment of the MPA Guidelines, and a socioeconomic assessment of the possible impacts of the designations, if they go ahead.  eftec will lead the analysis on the socioeconomic impacts, ABPmer (project lead) will lead the assessment of the two proposed sites based on the MPA Guidelines, and cefas will lead the assessment of the ecological impacts. The impacts that will be assessed include economic impacts (costs and benefits), social impacts (costs and benefits), costs to the public sector, and environmental impacts; knowledge gaps will also be identified.

French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, October 2013 – March 2014

The objective of this study by ACTeon (France), with eftec and CEOCEAN (France) is to assess, for each French Marine Sub-Region, the social, economic and environmental impacts of the measures that have been proposed to achieve good ecological status as required under the MSFD, and thereby help to prioritise the proposed measures and to select those that could be integrated in the future MSFD programmes of measures.

Natural England, September 2013 - January 2014

The Environmental Conservation Industry (ECI) is facing increasingly significant challenges in relation to skills, brought about by developments in environmental evidence and policy, and by the need for economic growth and change as skills gaps emerge. In order for the ECI to be able to supply the skills that will be demanded of it going forward, a scoping study has been commissioned. In order to develop targeted, measurable interventions that can be aligned to priority skills needs it will be necessary to build on the existing research to identify the research options and methodologies and to articulate the scale, impact and hence priority of the current gaps for the ECI. It is essential that evidence is gathered on the scale and scope of future ECI skills needs. It is aimed that the outcome of this scoping study results in a full scale report in 2014.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), August 2013 - November 2013

The team was based around two experienced secondees into the NCC Secretariat in Defra, and developed the evidence base on the State of Natural Capital in the UK. The work established a basic structure for: how to measure and report on selected elements of natural capital; which data sources support the reporting of metrics and where there are data gaps; potential threats and risks to natural capital; and rates, capacity and costs for the restoration of assets.

OSPAR, July 2013 - January 2014

This work builds on the report produced on a previous eftec project of Strategic Support for the OSPAR Regional Economic and Social Analysis, in the OSPAR region, the economic and social analysis (ESA) required by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). It aims to highlight areas where OSPAR parties’ cooperation on ESA data is most relevant for MSFD implementation. It examines information on the 'gaps' identified by Member States ahead of the workshop. It collates an OSPAR-region gap analysis paper, thereby fulfilling the Directive’s requirement for Member States to continue to coordinate analysis across regional seas.

European Forest Institute, June 2013 - September 2013

European Forest Institute case studies: Peparation of two case studies to accompany the EFI Manual on Forest Investments, providing studies in the format “problem set”, “solutions” and “discussion” in order to illustrate the principles set out in the Manual in clear and simple form suitable for use in training.  The cases used are based loosely on the eftec reports for valuing the Public Forest Estate in England, and on valuing the National Forest, though the areas and values used are different, the methodology is further developed, and the studies are anonymised.

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC),  May 2013

One-day course for the marine management team in the JNCC to introduce the concepts and methods of economic valuation, together with examples and working group exercises developed specifically for application in the context of marine management.

Marine Management Authority, April 2013– September 2013

This project, led by ABPmer, identifies and reviews potential tools for the MMO to use in determining whether it should promote the co-location of activities at sea. eftec’s role was to review economic tools to evaluate environmental impacts, including tools used to value impacts, appraise options, and assess tradeoffs.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), April 2013

One-day course for economic advisors and policy officers at Defra to introduce the concept of economic value and overview of economic valuation methods in the morning, with more detail on each economic valuation method (market prices, revealed preference and stated preference), value transfer and how these link to ecosystem services approach.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), March 2013 - June 2013

This project was a continuation of 263 and extended the methodology and examples set out there to other pollutants and impacts. eftec’s role was to provide economic valuation advice to CEH who lead the project. Valuation of impacts from ozone and nitrogen oxides was undertaken using available scientific and economic evidence with more in-depth uncertainty and scenario analysis.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), February 2013 – June 2014

The objective of the project is to enhance the evidence base informing marine policy decisions relating to measures under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) that will manage benthic (seabed) habitats in UK waters and to develop economic evidence on the value of changes to provisioning, regulating and cultural services resulting from achieving MSFD targets. The project involves a combination of a scientific review and modelling to identify and quantify the marginal changes in ecosystem service provision due to policy changes and economic valuation.

Scottish Government, February 2013 - July 2013

The aim of this project is to generate evidence on the potential economic costs and benefits and social impacts (defined as distributional impacts) of designating the individual Nature Conservation MPA site proposals, and of designating the proposed suite of Nature Conservation MPAs as a whole. eftec is responsible for leading on the quantification of social impacts (based on analysis of distributional impacts), quantification of ecosystem services benefits (where possible) and for compiling information of costs and benefits in a format suitable for incorporation within an impact assessment. The output of this project is a final report detailing the evidence found.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), December 2012 – October 2013

The project develops meaningful evidence on the extent, quality and impact of uptake of sustainable development and environmental appraisal guidance across Government impact assessments and business cases. It also gains evidence on the barriers to further progress, how to build future capacity, and how to monitor progress, to ensure government appraisal is robust in accounting for environmental, social and economic impacts.

Environment Agency for England and Wales, October 2012 - January 2013

The purpose of this project is to provide economic support on the development of cost estimates and a cost ‘template’ for each of the 68 ‘at risk’ bathing water sites in order that they meet ‘sufficient’ status under the revised Bathing Water Directive. The cost information from this project is combined with the benefit assessments from project, "Stated Preference Study and Cost Benefit Analysis for Implementing the Revised Bathing Water Directive (rBWD)", to undertake the cost benefit analysis for the implementation of the rBWD.

Natural England, October 2012 - March 2014

The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate currently available tools for valuing green infrastructure so that those looking to value green infrastructure benefits are able to quickly identify what tools they can use and the reliability of those tools. Tools were identified through e-mailing several groups involved in green infrastructure and environmental valuation (the GI Partnership, the Ecosystems Knowledge Network and Valuing Nature Network) for suggestions of tools known to them and examples of past use. This long list of tools was then narrowed down based on the popularity of the tools and the applicability of the tools to the UK. These tools will be evaluated based on the implementation of the tool, the content (including whether they follow any standards) and outcomes. The output of this project will be a “brochure” of tools with the results of the assessment.

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, June – October 2013

This project assembled a panel of consultants, including Ian Dickie from eftec, to advise SEPA on changes to their funding model. In drew on expert interpretation of environmental-economics evidence on the value of a healthy natural environment to society, and considered the behavioural incentives resulting from different charging models (e.g. fixed vs variable charges, service charges vs fines for non-compliance).

New Economics Foundation, September 2012

This study aims to increase the capacity and understanding amongst NGOs involved in UK marine conservation in Marine Protected Areas and how to contribute to valuation work surrounding them, particularly in the context of the Marine Conservation Zones. This involved a workshop on 24th and 25th of September 2102, held at MShed in Bristol.  eftec’s input included contributing to the planning of the content of the workshop and to afternoon discussion, and preparing material and presenting at the workshop on the Socio-economic benefits of MPAs and economic appraisal techniques. eftec also prepared briefings for breakout discussion groups and an associated quiz.

a water company, March – August 2012

This study reviewed the visitor surveys that are currently carried out by the water company at its reservoir sites across Wales. It provides a template visitor survey for collecting revealed preference data for estimating recreation benefits, plus recommendations for survey sampling and use of survey results.

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