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Natural England, September 2013 - January 2014

The Environmental Conservation Industry (ECI) is facing increasingly significant challenges in relation to skills, brought about by developments in environmental evidence and policy, and by the need for economic growth and change as skills gaps emerge. In order for the ECI to be able to supply the skills that will be demanded of it going forward, a scoping study has been commissioned. In order to develop targeted, measurable interventions that can be aligned to priority skills needs it will be necessary to build on the existing research to identify the research options and methodologies and to articulate the scale, impact and hence priority of the current gaps for the ECI. It is essential that evidence is gathered on the scale and scope of future ECI skills needs. It is aimed that the outcome of this scoping study results in a full scale report in 2014.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), August 2013 - November 2013

The team was based around two experienced secondees into the NCC Secretariat in Defra, and developed the evidence base on the State of Natural Capital in the UK. The work established a basic structure for: how to measure and report on selected elements of natural capital; which data sources support the reporting of metrics and where there are data gaps; potential threats and risks to natural capital; and rates, capacity and costs for the restoration of assets.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), April 2013

One-day course for economic advisors and policy officers at Defra to introduce the concept of economic value and overview of economic valuation methods in the morning, with more detail on each economic valuation method (market prices, revealed preference and stated preference), value transfer and how these link to ecosystem services approach.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), March 2013 - June 2013

This project was a continuation of 263 and extended the methodology and examples set out there to other pollutants and impacts. eftec’s role was to provide economic valuation advice to CEH who lead the project. Valuation of impacts from ozone and nitrogen oxides was undertaken using available scientific and economic evidence with more in-depth uncertainty and scenario analysis.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), December 2012 – October 2013

The project develops meaningful evidence on the extent, quality and impact of uptake of sustainable development and environmental appraisal guidance across Government impact assessments and business cases. It also gains evidence on the barriers to further progress, how to build future capacity, and how to monitor progress, to ensure government appraisal is robust in accounting for environmental, social and economic impacts.

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, June – October 2013

This project assembled a panel of consultants, including Ian Dickie from eftec, to advise SEPA on changes to their funding model. In drew on expert interpretation of environmental-economics evidence on the value of a healthy natural environment to society, and considered the behavioural incentives resulting from different charging models (e.g. fixed vs variable charges, service charges vs fines for non-compliance).

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), February 2012 – September 2012

The purpose of this project is to develop understanding of a natural capital asset check which is theoretically sound and pragmatic to influence the appraisal of policies and projects in the UK in different contexts and geographical scales. A methodological framework for an asset check approach to the appraisal of impacts on natural capital in the UK is developed and the practical application of the framework is tested by applying the framework in a broad and shallow manner to all of the UK’s natural capital, and more detailed applications of the approach are scoped through a series of case studies in different sectors and scales. The results and an analysis of the application of the methodological framework are included in a final report to Defra. The final report can be accessed from Defra's website or can be downloaded directly here.

Environment Agency for England and Wales, February – March 2012

Engineering, environmental assessment, conservation and other specialist staff within the EA have a need to improve their economics capacity in order to (i) more competently review business cases and appraisals submitted for Grant in Aid monies and/o (ii) advise on or undertake appraisals and ecosystem service valuation. Two tailor-made workshops are designed an delivered in conjunction with EA economists on topics including economic appraisal in government, choosing options, setting baselines, measuring costs and benefits, ecosystem services, value transfer, case studies and break out group exercises.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), May 2010 – January 2011

The purpose of these workshops was to provide training for economists from Defra, the Environment Agency, Natural England, the Forestry Commission, the Department for Transport and the Health and Safety Executive on the use of the value transfer guidelines produced by eftec for Defra in 2010. The workshops covered the principles of economic valuation, good practice for value transfer, and a series of practical exercises for participants.

The UK National Ecosystem Assessment (UKNEA), June 2012 – June 2014

This project further tested the methodological framework eftec and partners developed for the appraisal of impacts on natural capital in the UK. The framework was tested with new case studies and further developed by a multidisciplinary working group appointed under the UKNEA Phase 2.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), March – September 2012

This work develops an evaluation framework for the 2011 NEWP and undertakes an initial evaluation of the processes being used to make progress on its objectives. eftec’s contribution is focussed on the evaluation framework for the Green Economy theme in the NEWP, looking at the relationships between and impacts of, inter alia, the development of national environmental accounts, the establishment of the Natural Capital Committee and Green Economy councils, and the work of the ecosystem markets taskforce.

European Commission Directorate General Research and Innovation, 2011 - 2014

The project considers the contribution that valuing ecosystem services can make in demonstrating the value of biodiversity. The results will be used to produce a framework that will give guidance on the effectiveness of alternative arguments and protection strategies in various contexts. The framework will be made accessible through a web-based public access database with associated toolkit. To ensure practical usability, the toolkit and database interface will be developed in cooperation with stakeholders. The project also uses case studies to demonstrate how much importance people attribute to alternative arguments for the protection of biodiversity and in particular how this relates to ecosystem services. eftec’s work involves co-leading synthesis work package to examine the interactions of biodiversity protection policies between governance scales, the transferability and scalability of values across scales and at the contribution that ecosystem services can make in demonstrating the value of biodiversity.

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), 2010 - 2011

This is a short research paper contributing to the TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) Quantitative Assessment by providing an expert perspective on some of the main models that can be applied for large-scale assessments. It discusses some of the approaches that can be used for assessing and valuing changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services at a large geographical scale, with a focus on model-based approaches.

Yorkshire Forward (YF), 2008

The objective of this project was to provide support to Yorkshire Forward (YF) on the use of economic value evidence in project development and appraisal. As part of this, the study reviewed and made recommendations on how the Shadow Price of Carbon (SPC) can be applied and interpreted within existing YF project development, appraisal and evaluation procedures. The study also reviewed other sustainability impacts arising from YF interventions, such as those measured by national and regional sustainable development indicators, and made recommendations on whether a similar approach can be taken in costing and applying these to project development, appraisal and evaluation. The study aids YF in applying and knowing where to apply economic valuation to future project development, appraisal and evaluation.

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA), 2008

The aim of this study was to recommend an Additional Measure of Progress which could be used alongside GDP to provide an indication of sustainable progress in Scotland. Five potential measures (Environmental Sustainability Index, Environmental Footprint, Human Development Index, Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare and Green GNP) of sustainable development were evaluated against previously developed criteria. The analysis identified strengths and weaknesses of each measure. A report with the analysis and a recommendation of which measure would be most useful to cover major aspects of sustainable development was delivered. The report aided SEPA in choosing which measure(s) to use.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, (DCMS) and the London Development Agency (LDA), 2004

The aim of this study was to find out the willingness to pay of people both within and outside London for the intangible benefits of hosting the 2012 Olympic Games in London. This was carried out through a series of contingent valuation surveys undertaken across Greater London, Manchester and Glasgow. The results were used in London’s bid to hos the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Stated Preference Study Of The Intangible Benefits Of Hosting The 2012 Olympics

Department for International Development, 2001

Low income countries have started a process of preparing poverty reduction strategies to act as their development plans on the basis of which they receive international grants and credits. Eftec contributed to the mainstreaming of environmental concerns into this strategy for Azerbaijan. This involves identifying the links between poverty and environment and policy options that address both or compensate the negative impacts of poverty reduction strategies on the environment and vice versa. Such policy options cover natural resource management, agriculture, rural energy, public health, hazardous waste management, institutional reform, public awareness and empowerment, and macroeconomic reforms. The background analysis also contributes to the update of Azeri National Environmental Action Plan.

Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Netherlands, 1999 – 2000

This study assesses the benefits in monetary terms of the environmental policy actions concerning climate change, acidifying pollutants, contaminated land, eutrophication, noise, toxic and hazardous materials and waste management using actual data from The Netherlands. The methodological part of the study focuses on the use and limits of cost-benefit analysis as a tool for environmental policy.